The upright piano
The grand piano
- The piano was invented by Bartolomeo Cristofori, an Italian man. Unlike harpsichords, pianos could play smoothly. The first piano looked a bit like a harpsichord.
- Pianos have 52 white keys and 36 black keys. In total, the piano has 88 keys. Did you know piano keys were used to be made out of ivory?
- You might ask, the piano has strings, but why is it considered a percussion instrument? The reason why is because the hammers inside the piano strike the strings, making it a percussion instrument.
- Pianos are called the “King of all the Instruments” because of their massive size and the most range of tones. The lowest key of the piano is A, at the left end of the piano. The highest note is C, at the other end.
- When Cristofori invented the instrument, he called it the pianoforte. It means “soft loud.” It was eventually shortened to piano.